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German Shepherds


There are two major different types of German Shepherds in the World Standard: The Working lines and the Show lines


The working lines: These are usually smaller, have very little angulation, are usually only KKL2 (permitted to breed, but not recommended to breed). All German Shepherds in Germany must get Schutzhund titles before they are permitted to breed, so obviously, both types can do the work, but not necessarily with the same amount of intensity.
Working lines are usually bred to have a very high pain tolerance. This means they do not respond very much to pain. This helps a Police dog when a crazy man on drugs is trying to kick the s**t out of him so he won't give up the fight. It also means he will not respond to normal corrections and requires much harder discipline to get the dog to obey you.
Working dogs have more 'hair trigger' aggression, and generally a higher Prey drive. Because of this, they must be monitored carefully around people, especially children. Anything that moves fast becomes Prey (like a rabbit) to be chased down and caught. If a jogger runs by, or a child zips by running or is on a bicycle or on skates, the Working dog may react to them as if they are Prey. They can't grab with their paws, so they use their mouth to grab (bite) to stop their Prey.
So what is best for you will depend on how you intend to live with your dog (kennel dog or house companion), how experienced of a dog handler you are with aggressive dogs, and how far you want to go in SchH competition. With the higher pain tolerance, the higher aggression and higher Prey drive, you had better know what you are doing and how to handle the dog in a safe manner if you want a working line shepherd.
If you intend to compete in SchH 3 Nationals, you will find the working dog is more likely to get you to that level. If you want a really nice quality dog with relatively easy going temperament that does have natural (but sensible) protection drives, that can make it's SchH titles with proper training, and is easier to live with and control than the Working line dog, then you will do better with the German. 

Show line shepherd: The show lines were developed by breeders who are very focused on the structure and appearance of the dog. Although these dogs do have to obtain working titles in order to qualify for breeding, their working drives are usually lower than those of the working lines. The conformation lines are dogs that are generally easy to live with, trainable, stable, and calm, yet possessing enough drive to work and protect. The structure of these dogs is excellent, balanced, harmonious and efficient, and their general appearance is quite homogenous. They are mainly black and red, black and tan or occasionally sable. Working and show lines are still similar in temperament, with the working line exhibiting a higher drive and more intensity, making the show lines a better choice for children when placing them in a family environment. To read about the German Standards and the meaning of each title in your pedigree go to German Terminology.
The show lines were developed by breeders who are very focused on the structure and appearance of the dog. Although these dogs do have to obtain working titles in order to qualify for breeding, their working drives are usually lower than those of the working lines. The conformation lines are dogs that are generally easy to live with, trainable, stable, and calm, yet possessing enough drive to work and protect. The structure of these dogs is excellent, balanced, harmonious and efficient, and their general appearance is quite homogenous. They are mainly black and red, black and tan or occasionally sable. Working and show lines are still similar in temperament, with the working line exhibiting a higher drive and more intensity, making the show lines a better choice for children when placing them in a family environment. To read about the German Standards and the meaning of each title in your pedigree go to German Terminology.

In North America, we find American / Canadian shepherds. They are very different from the original German shepherds. Although these dogs have a common ancestry to the German shepherd, they have become almost a breed onto themselves. These dogs are bred for show purposes, the breeders focusing almost exclusively on looks and movement. They have adopted the standard to their own preference; the result is that these dogs differ greatly from German shepherds found in the rest of the world.

They are generally larger, softer, heavier, and have a lighter bone structure. There is often less differentiation of the two sexes, the males having less masculine heads and bodies, their angulations being quite extreme and their very structure being different from German shepherds. Aside from their appearance being quite different, the major distinction is the temperament; The Canadian / American shepherd is not a working dog. Most of these dogs do not have the required temperament to do any sort of work, with the exception of an occasional herding dog. They have gone a long way off from the temperament described in the breed standard.

The American / Canadian shepherds are not required to pass any temperament test, or to do Schutzhund, to undergo the endurance test, to acquire a breed survey or any other requirement. They are not even required to be free of dysplasia. The only registry is the CKC or the AKC, which do not control the quality of the animals being bred. These animals retain a potential for protective behavior and responses but without the courage, stability, and clear-headedness to temper their actions. They are often fear-biters, nervous and stressed, showing inappropriate aggressive tendencies. They lack the courage for true protection work, their aggressive behavior being a result of defensiveness and fear for themselves and not an instinct to protect their master. This can be confusing to a novice, but the end result is very different; you cannot count on this type of dog to protect and defend you in a threatening situation.

Diet
Ragi











Rice











Porridge

Milk













Prohibited
Cause indigestion and stomach infections
Meatcause indigestion and stomach infections

Nuts
cause hair fall in dogs
                                                                 






soy and wheatcauses constipation




What points to consider when feeding  commercial dog food

When buying commercial food for your dog, your first concern should be whether it has the recommended protein level or not. If it is a puppy, pregnant or lactating females, then they have special protein needs for growth and reproduction – the AFFCO recommended protein level for them is 22%. In the case of adults, this level is 18%. Fat is also an important ingredient with the recommended levels being 8% for growth and reproduction, and 5% for an adult.
Commercial dog food comes in dry, wet and semi-moist types, with the dry type considered to the best and most cost-effective. Dry food contains very little water, just about 10%, making them good value for money. Wet funds, in contrast, may contain up to 75% water, and you have to feed your dog large volumes of food to compensate for the deficiency in nutrition. Semi-moist food is the most unhealthy of the lot, for they contain high concentrations of sugar that cause tooth decay and many other diseases like obesity and diabetes. So, if you feed the German Shepherd semi-moist food, feed it in small quantities.

 An ideal food for dogs of all ages

Among the commercial dog food available in the market, the Royal Canin for German Shepherds is the preferred choice.  These are tailor-made food for this dog breed, be it a puppy or an adult dog. If your dog is over 15 months old, then you can give it Royal Canin German Shepherd 24 which are custom-made kibbles good for digestion. The X-shaped kibbles are designed to fight plaque and tartar keeping your dog’s teeth and gums healthy. Ingredients like omega 3, amino acids, chelated copper, and zinc ensure healthy skin and smooth coat. Meanwhile, the fragile digestive system of the German Shepherd gets a layer of protection with the inclusion of green tea polyphenols, vitamins E & C, lutein and taurine – these ingredients work towards improving the immune system of the dog by producing antibodies.
The German Shepherd Puppy 30, as its name suggests is meant for puppies and is a good food that will help in its normal growth. Considering the age of the puppy, these X-shaped kibbles are miniature in size designed to boost digestion and fight tooth and gum related problems. The food also incorporates powerful antioxidants that improve the immune system while ingredients like brown rice and egg protein prevent indigestion.

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